Problems and improvement & Conclusion

Problems and improvement:

During the whole process of the project, Weini and I found that it is hard to de ne whether the ideas are ctions or not because speculating is about all possibilities in the future which might have some illusions unconsciously. However, possibilities are based on existing and occurrent things, which is the fundamental to make it possible. After that, we referred to existing and potential problems in the present and past, and chose the topic of fuel shortage, global warming and urbanization for our critical thinking. The second is we ignored the practicability of the garment and turtle shell like the speci c material and principle of how to produce them, which is an important step in future production and will be more scienti c.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, human beings are no more ‘natural species’ because of the gradual evolution of technology. And humans depend on assistant tools (technical things) to help themselves strongly. For somehow, people are loosing instincts of animals. Rethinking the relationship between modern human beings and nature is important to do follow-up development in the futures. Why some animals can be survival from the past to present without any technical thing? Maybe that is the question we need to think.

The turtle shell

About this speculation, we inspired by Jaime Lerner who had a Ted Talk called a song of the city (Lerner, 2016). Basically, he is talking about the urbanization in the future which the situation would be more severe. He put the feature of turtle shell into his topic and proposed that it is reasonable to limit the expansion of urbanization into village like the shape of shell because the cost of daily such as commuting need to be spent more time which is more valuable.

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                     Vita, The Turtle, Jaime Lerner

Climbing slowly, hiding into the shell and the instinct of living for hundred years are the three characteristics for turtles. According to Jaime, turtle is an example of living and working together, and also the casque of the turtle looks like an urban tessitura (Lerner, 2016). In order to improve the quality of life in cities and their relationship with the environment, three issues must be addressed: sustainability, mobility and solidarity. Live close to your work, or bring the work close to home is one of the touchstones of sustainability (Jaimelerner.com, 2016). Put it into another way, saving time is saving energy. The more you save and the less you waste, the more sustainable the equation is (Jaimelerner.com, 2016). Urbanization will make space smaller, how to make it functional and convenient is the core for the future. We use turtle’s shell as a daily object for those people who live far away from their working places. The function of the shell is providing a smart moveable place for resting and sleeping anywhere and anytime like users can sleep at working place and then they can use the time that should be used to commute for doing other valuable things.

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The Camel Hump Garment, fuel shortage and global warming

Today, the main source of energy comes from fossil fuels, including oil, coal, natural gas, etc. And oil is the most consumed among these fossil fuels. As the name of fossil fuels, they took millions of years to become so and they are finite and non-renewable. At our current rate of consumption of fossil fuels, they will gone by 2060 (Ecotricity.co.uk, 2016). Humans are using fossil fuels (not renewable) widely in the production and even in almost every area of human activities.

end-of-fossil-fuels-graph

https://www.ecotricity.co.uk/our-green-energy/energy- independence/the-end-of-fossil-fuels

Meantime, with fossil fuels using, the wide variety of environmental problems come from the process of burning fossil fuels — coal, oil, and gas. Then the carbon dioxide that is released that a ecting the natural environment and exacerbating the greenhouse e ect causing global warming (Cohen, 2016). In addition, Freon is used in most refrigeration equipments which causes harm to the ozone layer severely and leads to ozone hole that make ultraviolet more intense (Daikin.com, 2016). As a result, especially in summer, the temperature in some places is higher and higher year by year and for those people who can not bear the high temperature might be a ected on the health.

Developing renewable resources is one of solutions to reduce the using of limited fossil fuels and impacts of them. How to lower body temperature in an environmental-friendly way is our start point to think the problems and possibilities in the future. For most clothing on the market what owns the function of lowering body temperature is attributed to the design of fabric (wicking fabrics). This kind of fabrics facilitates sweat to distribute evenly over the fabric and dry more quickly, but not performing well (Popular Science, 2012).

Weini and I decided3_-_Power_of_Centralized_Fat_Unit[1] to think about what kind of material can lower body temperature more e ciently through a green way like using sustainable material and try to combine animal’s behavior together like camels. The ability of camel to fluctuate its body temperature coupled with anatomical and behavio
ural adaptation enable considerable saving in energy to be made. A camel’s body temperature can vary over a wide range under conditions of dehydration and intense heat and the reasons is its hump. From thermoregulation aspect, camel’s fat is concentrated in hump which enables sweat to be evaporated easily over and its skin can be seen as insulating medium (FAYED, 2016). Thus, the garment what we designed is based on the biological features of camels.

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The Camel Hump Garment

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The Camel Hump Garment

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The Camel Hump Garment

 

Research 03 – Between Reality And The Impossible by Dunne & Raby

Dune & Raby chose the topic of over-populate the planet. They present the idea via
an easy way (photography) which uses design to post the question rather than making technology.

Although their project is not about technology things, the photography is powerful and remains a large ‘white’ space for audience to think about the issue and the following possible, which is meaningful.

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Research 02 – Goatman by THOMAS THWAITES

Thomas tried to become a goat with the real goats in the Alps and live with them together. According to Thomas, this project became an exploration of how close modern technology can take us to fulfilling an ancient human dream: to take on characteristics from other animals. But instead of the ferocity of a bear, or the perspective of a bird, the characteristic most useful in modern life is something else; being present in the moment perhaps (Thomasthwaites.com, 2016).

Basically, Thomas built an exoskeleton of a goat and a prosthetic stomach to digest grass. Look at those animals, why they can live in nature finely by utilizing their basic Instinct without any other assistive tools? And then now look at human beings, during the ancient time, ancient people had the ability of suiting the nature, making tools and making their life better by themselves. However, people are using various assistant tools to get different things and protect themselves well. Just think about it, if there is no more intelligent tools, then can current humans still have a basic survival skills for adapting the nature environment?

And also, since human beings became to the significant species among all types of animals, how do we close to other animals? Is it better to have a back forward life and enjoy the most natural life?

From thinking about how could one live in total natural environment to rethink human beings’ instincts and how reproduction of population would be in the future, which is a powerful and meaningful discussion for everybody.

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Photograph: Tim Bowditch From theguardian

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Photograph: Tim Bowditch From theguardian

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Photograph: Tim Bowditch From theguardian

Resource:

Thomasthwaites.com. (2016). THOMAS THWAITES » A holiday from being human (GoatMan). [online] Available at: http://www.thomasthwaites.com/a-holiday-from-being-human-goatman/ [Accessed 15 Jun. 2016].

Research 01 – I Wanna Deliver a Dolphin by Ai Hasegawa

The project ‘I wanna deliver a dolphin’ is designed by Ai Hasegawa. The idea of this project is about overpopulation and the problem of global environment in the future.

Basically, overpopulation would cause potential food shortage and for some endangered species that they might not have enough food for living such as sharks, tunas and dolphins. Thus, would a woman can give a birth to those species? The aim of this project is evoking people to discuss the argument for giving birth to animals by using the nutrition of human beings and childbirth, also the possibility of how this might be possible. In addition, how to protect rare animals and reproduce them in a new way is what the designer want to speculate at the same time.

For her idea of doll-human placenta which is made by the advanced technology of synthetic biology that make a human female possible to deliver a dolphin. On the one hand, endangered species are able to survive continually. On the other hand, people can enjoy the taste of eating rare animals.

Personally, from her project, I think the idea of connecting a normal problem (overpopulation) with endangered species to expand the public’s thinking which is unique and interesting. And she also thinks about the possibility from the technology way which is also useful and reasonable.

 

First Idea of Speculative Design

For this project, Weini and I have worked together.

The first idea is about what if one day, there is a nature catastrophe happened (flood, global warming, etc) which is caused by the negative influences from civilization development (technology), then there is no more skyscrape, artificial intelligences, electricity,etc. Can people have the ability of being alive in that situation?

What we want to speculate is about the relationship between human beings and nature in post-anthropocene via critical design. With the development of technology, people become increasingly dependent on technology products and other industrialization products. Can people be alive without these things? Can people be alive harmoniously with nature and animals?

 

 

What is the ‘Anthropocene’?

The brief called designing for the post-anthropocene, so what is ‘Anthropocene’?

Basically, the term of ‘Anthropocene’ is used to denote the present time interval. The natural environment, the ecosystems, and geological conditions and processes are altered by human activity, causing a global impact on climate change and various threats.

  • The ‘Anthropocene’ is not a formally defined geological unit within the Geological Time Scale. A proposal to formalise the ‘Anthropocene’ is being developed by the ‘Anthropocene’ Working Group for consideration by the International Commission on Stratigraphy, with a current target date of 2016. Care should be taken to distinguish the concept of an ‘Anthropocene‘ from the previously used term Anthropogene (cf. below**).
  • The ‘Anthropocene’ is currently being considered by the Working Group as a potential geological epoch, i.e. at the same hierarchical level as the Pleistocene and Holocene epochs, with the implication that it is within the Quaternary Period, but that the Holocene has terminated. It might, alternatively, also be considered at a lower (Age) hierarchical level; that would imply it is a subdivision of the ongoing Holocene Epoch.
  • Broadly, to be accepted as a formal term the ‘Anthropocene’ needs to be (a) scientifically justified (i.e. the ‘geological signal’ currently being produced in strata now forming must be sufficiently large, clear and distinctive) and (b) useful as a formal term to the scientific community. In terms of (b), the currently informal term ‘Anthropocene’ has already proven to be very useful to the global change research community and thus will continue to be used, but it remains to be determined whether formalisation within the Geological Time Scale would make it more useful or broaden its usefulness to other scientific communities, such as the geological community.
  • The beginning of the ‘Anthropocene’ is most generally considered to be at c. 1800 CE, around the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in Europe (Crutzen’s original suggestion); other potential candidates for time boundaries have been suggested, at both earlier dates (within or even before the Holocene) or later (e.g. at the start of the nuclear age). A formal ‘Anthropocene‘ might be defined either with reference to a particular point within a stratal section, that is, a Global Stratigraphic Section and Point (GSSP), colloquially known as a ‘golden spike; or, by a designated time boundary (a Global Standard Stratigraphic Age).
  • The ‘Anthropocene’ has emerged as a popular scientific term used by scientists, the scientifically engaged public and the media to designate the period of Earth’s history during which humans have a decisive influence on the state, dynamics and future of the Earth system. It is widely agreed that the Earth is currently in this state.

Resource: *WORKING GROUP ON THE ‘ANTHROPOCENE’, http://quaternary.stratigraphy.org/workinggroups/anthropocene/

Tutorial

After the tutorial, we got a few important suggestions and advice. Thinking about the structure of society and does it change humans’ living condition? Go back to animal’s level in the public, try to treat people as normal people. Why modern people have lost the basic viability in primitive society? What current issue you want to disscuss and speculate and how?

Basically, compared to other animals, humans are higher animals who own high intelligence that to explore and create di erent things. If humans want to be survival in dangerous nature environment among other animals, it is necessary to create defensive tools for protecting ourselves. With the development of the evolution of humans, we are able to adjust to nature environment. Besides the ability of living, humans are trying to explore more what they cannot acquire. Greed also is one of characteristics existing in humans’ mind deeply, that is why the world can keep growing and developing and also loosing something.

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