Social research and social science perspective:
Specially during the period of MA degree, the process of research is the basic and most important step for preparing project. Or the project would be unconvincing and no meaningful.
Social science methodology is the process of systematic collecting, analyzing and summarizing, which is research and based on social science perspective.
From my perspective, before starting a project, to find the problem or phenomenon and demonstrate the value of that, then a clear goal being generated through your mind.
For the next step, digging out the deficiency and the current situation of those objects via reading literatures and documentations.
After that, a clear and specific of research question, variable and hypothesis coming up. Based on above procedures, then referencing various aspects of readings and phenomena from different fields such as anthropology and psychology so that a comprehensive design will be come true gradually.
The key is the iterative process of research to the research questions, methods, and materials, which would leads to new ideas, revisions and improvements.
What I wanna talk about is the independent cognition of everyone in social science:
A common understanding from social science aspect is a main body of knowledge that has been collected extensively, classified, analyzed and interpreted. At the same time, the importance of objectivity is an important role in social science as well.
As an individual, everybody may acquire various perspectives on a certain object based on their own experience, education background and so on.
From different areas such as anthropology, archaeology, sociology and psychology, the scholars have their own unique opinion based on their understanding of a specific field. One thing is certain that there is a correlation of knowledge and social values via large number statistical surveys. But by the 20th Century the various social sciences developed their own theoretical perspectives replacing the mathematical analysis. (Shilujas.M, Methodology & Perspectives of Social Sciences, History of Social Sciences, p14) As a result, a certain realm of theory has been developed into a intensive branch which emphasized the development of interdisciplinary and cross-disciplinary approaches.
As researchers referencing a plenty of theories via various documents and literatures, rigorous interrogation of empirical evidence should be justified. Empirical evaluation is an important part of doing research based on social science perspective. (Daniel L, 1995, Anthropology Newsletter, Objectivity, Truth, and Method, A Philosopher’s Perspective on the Social Sciences)